Diseases of Banana. The discoloured area covers almost one fourth of the fruit if the conditions are favourable. One of the most destructive fungal diseases of banana . CO-PI: 69 Crop duration Lecture 5.Diseases of Pomegranate and Papaya. Speaking to FE, P Balasubramanian of the TNAU's centre for plant molecular biology said, "We are planning to engineer resistance in the hill banana cultivar, Virupakshi against BBTV. The Indo-Malayan region is believed to be the place of origin. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. Article: AI-powered banana diseases and pest detection A recent paper has been published and examines the use of Artificial Intelligence in 'just-in-time' crop disease detection in banana. Among them, in globally banana bunchy top disease (BBTD) caused by the banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) and Fusarium wilt caused by the Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Lecture 8. Black spot Asperisporium caricae Cercospora papayae Phomopsis caricae-papayae. Preceding the chemical fertilizer application, apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacterium @ 20 gm each at planting and 5th month after planting. Banana (Musa spp.) They eventually turn a bright yellow colour with dead leaf margins. General recommendations for garden land, wetland banana and hill bananas. BBTV is an isometric virus with a circular single stranded DNA (ssDNA) genome consisting of at least six components, BBTV DNA-1 to 6. Give four forkings in January, April, July and October. Banana Plant Diseases There are quite a number of banana plant diseases that can afflict this plant as well. Lecture 6.Diseases of Guava . The plant is tall, tropical and tree-like with a sturdy main pseudostem (not a true stem as it is made of rolled leaf bases) with the leaves arranged spirally at the top. Pre-treat the suckers with 40 g Carbofuran 3G. Diseases of Grapes. No preparatory cultivation is necessary. Uproot and destroy severely affected plants. Growth regulators Immediately, a gelatin capsule containing 60 mg of Carbendazim or 3 ml of 2 % Carbendazim solution or capsule application for 50 mg of Pseudomonas fluorescens is injected into the hole with the help of ‘corm injector’ on 2nd, 4th and 6th month after planting. Clean the jungle and construct contour stone walls before planting. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. Sigatoka Leaf spot 6-8 9. cubense are the most serious diseases. One deep spade digging is essential. For decades the most-exported and therefore most important banana in the world was the Gros Michel, but in the 1950s it was practically wiped out by the fungus known as Panama disease or banana … Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. Diseases of Fruit Plantation Medicinal and Aromatic Crops ICAR Ecourse PDF Book was developed by ICAR e Krishi Shiksha and TNAU. Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1% or chlorothaloail 0.2% or Carbendazim 0.1%. It is also a good source of potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium. Infection – direct penetration – fungus.Temp.23.90 oC. Rasthali, Monthan, Karpooravalli  susceptible to the disease. 2 – 4 ploughings are required before planting. A small portion of soil is removed to expose the upper portion of the corm. In the past 30 years, tissue culture plants and thorough phytosanitary practices supported by empowered regulatory authorities have been keeping banana fields free of diseases in countries like Australia. For ratoon crops in respect of Poovan, Monthan and Rasthali allow the follower at flowering stage of the mother plant and remove the other suckers during harvest. COURSE OUTLINE: Disease of Horticultural Crops & Their Management. That spread, says Bebber, is being assisted by the impacts of the climate crisis as it unfolds in the key banana-growing regions of Asia, South America and the Caribbean. For economizing the cost of fertilizers, fertigate using normal fertilizers (Urea and Muriate of potash) with 50% of the recommended dose along with recommended dose of phosphorus as basal at 2nd month after planting. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf to prevent main stalk end rot. As we… Leguminous vegetables, beetroot, elephant foot yam and sunhemp can be grown as intercrops. On cocoa infection by T. fructigena is an insignificant component of pod diseases (Asare-Nyako and Dakwa, 1974) Worldwide, banana production is affected by numerous diseases and pests. Serious quarantine pests and diseases These diseases are present in Australia and pose a significant threat to Queensland's banana industry. On banana the most significant losses may occur in storage and has been important in West Africa where 10-20% losses have been recorded (Beugnon et al., 1970). Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. Dehanding should be done carefully with a sharp knife so as to avoid leaving a ragged cut. 3. At the time of planting, apply 25 g Pseudomonas fluorescence / plant. The streaks run usually from mid rib to edge of the blade. Post harvest dipping of fruits in Carbendazim 400 ppm, or Benomyl 1000 ppm. Nendran and Robusta can be cultivated during April – May. Prepared by DR. P. M. NIMJE AGRCULTURAL CONSULTANT, AISECT . Worldwide, banana production is affected by numerous diseases and pests. Among them, in globally banana bunchy top disease (BBTD) caused by the banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) and Fusarium wilt caused by the Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. 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