Moreover the pinkish red star rubies of Sri Lanka usually have a well defined star, as for example, the Rosser Reeves Star Ruby. It is blue and flawless, the size of a golf ball with stars on both sides, and is a stone of great religious significance. Cite this entry as: (2009) Midnight Star. Install our Android or iphone app for ultrafast browsing experience and notifications. Check the old newspaper clippings and you will find my fathers name, (Val Jean Thomas), listed as NOT believing Allen was involved. George F. Kunz, J. P. Morgan and Archer M. Huntington were all museum benefactors and helped Museums in New York and other cities to build up their gem and mineral collections, and other objects and artifacts. Ceylon Blue Sapphires is the best gem store to buy blue sapphires. Firstly, the most important part of star Sapphires is the star. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. a black star sapphire of 116.75 cts, from Sri Lanka. Tel: +1 661-434-4325 (24hrs). FREE Shipping. It is not known exactly what property of the stone inspired the term “midnight” to refer to this deep purple-violet stone. Midnight Star Sapphire. But, we are certain that it became part of J. P. Morgan’s collection towards the end of the 19th century. Sapphires belong to the group of minerals known as corundum which is crystalline aluminum oxide. Love and Relationships Red color caused by chromium. During this period the gem trade was entirely in the hands of Moors traders (descendants of Arab settlers), except for the mining aspect of the industry, which was in the hands of the local Sinhalese inhabitants. 00. It was donated to the museum by the financier J.P. Morgan. Some have compared this blue color to the color of the sky after sun set, when dusk is about to set in. It was first broadcast on BBC One on 14 June 2008.. It is famed for its deep purple-violet color, which likely inspired its interesting name. MIDNIGHT STAR Genuine PANDORA Silver/Navy BLUE CRYSTAL STUDS Earrings 290561NCB. Thailand rubies – Dark red caused by chromium, with a brownish to purplish overtone, caused by iron. However, some websites have referred to the stone as the “Midnight Star Ruby” implying that the stone is a ruby, and described its color as purplish-red. Sapphire is a birthstone for the zodiac signs of Virgo, Libra and Sagittarius. "Midnight" is the tenth episode of the fourth series of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. Among the famous gemstones included in the haul were the 563-carat “Star of India” the world’s largest blue star sapphire, the 116.75-carat ‘Midnight Star Sapphire” the world’s largest violet sapphire, the 100.32-carat de Long Star Ruby, and the 16.25-carat Eagle diamond. A slight mistake might result in a failed star, a star with some of the rays missing, or a star not centrally placed and displaced to a side. 4) Muslims of Sri Lanka – Avenues to Antiquity- Dr. M. A. M. Shukri (1986). The different color tones of rubies originating from the main source countries might set the records straight. Thus the characterization of the stone as a ruby appears to be misleading. (1859). Buy … This is because of the natural hexagonal crystal structure of Sapphire. The Queen Marie’s sapphire is the 4th largest blue sapphire in the world. The “Star of India” sapphire after its discovery and processing in Sri Lanka, entered India, where it remained for at least around 200 years possibly in the treasury of a Maharajah, before it found its way to Europe and later America. After release, he came back and visitied my father and family many times. You guessed it: blue. Sapphires are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, the price ranges starting from a few dollars for heavily included midnight blues. The episode is principally set on board a small touring vehicle, which stops in the middle of a tour on the hostile surface of the planet Midnight and has its cockpit … in your article you called Allen Kuhn a wealty and notorius gangster. The enormous rough stone after its discovery was probably cut and polished by the traditional Moor gem-cutters working for the rich Moor gem dealers who lived in the cities and had trade outlets in the capital cities of Colombo and Galle. Your email address will not be published. Sri Lanka is a country that can boast of having experienced traditional gemstone cutters and polishers whose knowledge had been passed down from generation to generation since ancient times. In the first place a cutter should be able to examine a rough stone and predict that when the stone is cut and polished it would produce a perfect star effect. The slightly pinkish or reddish overtone may be caused by the presence of a few atoms of chromium, together with the vanadium atoms. Security & Warranty Certificate by Sectigo (Comodo) U.S.A. Point or click to verify. Thus, on a conservative estimate if we give about 50 years for the stone to reach America through Europe after its discovery in Sri Lanka, the “Midnight Star Sapphire” must have originated in Sri Lanka about 150 years ago, somewhere in the early 19th century. Now on display at Morgan Collection, America Museum of Natural History, New York City, USA. He was not a gangster. Star sapphires of purple-violet color are quite rare, and a stone of this enormous size is even rarer. It is not known exactly when the “Midnight Star Sapphire” was discovered in Sri Lanka. Beginning of a dialog window, including tabbed navigation to register an account or sign in to an existing account. The different color notations used in color grading of rubies according to the Gem and Jewelry Institute of Thailand (GIT) are dark red, deep red, vivid red, strong red, pinkish red and purplish red. In the 1 st century B.C., King Solomon was known to have worn a sapphire ring which gave him magical powers. The most popular color? Midnight Star: 116.75 cts: Sri Lanka: Photos of natural/un-cut material from mindat.org; Star Sapphire Simulants; Star sapphire is imitated by using star rose quartz with blue enamel on a flat back; alternatively the star is engraved on the flat back of a synthetic cabochon or on glass. The color of the “Midnight Star” is a deep purple-violet according to the publication “Ruby & Sapphire” written by Richard Hughes, who is undoubtedly an authority on the subject. Asterism or the star effect of the sapphire is caused by the presence of bundles of minute rutile fibers that are arranged in a three-fold pattern, each reflecting light entering through the dome-shaped face to produce a distinct luminous line. The “Midnight Star Sapphire” perhaps has a very long history, but recorded history of the stone dates back only to the late 19th century, when the stone was part of the collection of jewels belonging to one of the most successful financiers and industrial organizers in the history of America, J. P. Morgan. Even in ancient times Sri Lanka never exported rough stones, and always processed the rough stones in the country before export, because the profit margin obtained by selling cut and polished stones were much higher than rough stones. Donated from Morgan. Tel: +1 661-434-4325 (24hrs). ... Sterling Silver Scroll Earring Hoops W/ Sapphire CZ Charms and Bonus Pandora Box. Sri Lanka rubies – Lighter red and pinkish colors caused by chromium. Pure corundum is colorless. Perhaps it is the deep purple color that appears somewhat black that might have inspired the term. Star corundum must be cut as a cabochon to display asterism. Kunz was also the founder president of the New York Mineralogical Club. It was released on October 11, 2016. TrustLogo("https://ssl.comodo.com/images/seals/sectigo_trust_seal_md_2x.png","SECDV","none"); A very sharp and well defined star is hard to find, so a perfect star in a stone will … - Gemstones of the world, Walter … Having decided that a rough corundum is a suitable candidate for transforming into a star sapphire, the cutter should examine the stone carefully, and decide on which side of the stone should eventually become the dome-shaped face, in order to bring out the best possible star effect. The Tenth Doctor and Donna Noble go to the leisure planet of Midnight for a simple, relaxing holiday. 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